Benefits of Five Animals in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Meat is the main food for people.
There are more than 100 species of poultry, livestock, and fish.
Its main component is protein. Because animal protein is rich in essential amino acids, it is complementary to staple foods and can promote human health.
In lean meat, protein is about 20%, among which pork, beef, chicken, rabbit and other nutritional value is higher; meat snacks content ranging from 5% to 50%, is a variety of important sources of supply.
Except for the liver, carbohydrates are generally deficient in meat.
Meat is a good source of vitamin B and nicotinic acid.
Broth generally contains a small amount of animal glue, a small amount of meat protein and vitamin B family. Because of its special aroma and umami, it can stimulate gastric secretion and promote digestion. Therefore, many people have a soft spot for broth.
All kinds of poultry eggs are good foods that people can easily obtain.
Egg proteins have various essential amino acids, which are easily used by the human body.
Meanwhile, an egg contains 30 mg of calcium with 1.
5 mg of iron is a good supplement for pregnant women and children; there are also a considerable amount of vitamin A, thiamine, nicotinic acid and riboflavin in egg yolk, all of which are essential proteins for human development and health.
[Feeding Tips]The consumption of animal food follows the “Five Principles” 1.
More poultry and less livestock: According to statistics, pork accounts for 85% of the meat of local residents, and only 15% of poultry and fish.
Experts believe that such a meat ratio structure is extremely unreasonable.
The effects of animal meat and poultry meat on human health are quite different.
Analysis shows that the chemical structure of goose and duck dung is closer to olive oil, which is not harmful to the heart, but may have a certain protective effect.
Therefore, it is reasonable to reduce the proportion of pork in meat to 60% and increase poultry and fish meat to more than 30%.
More fish and less meat: Pork has a high content of saturated fatty acids. Repeated excess can lead to hyperlipidemia.
The trace content of fish is low and the content of protein is high, which is more than about two-way of pork.
The linoleic acid content that is good for the human body is also much higher than that of pork.
Fish is high in protein and easy to digest. Eating fish or preventing hyperlipidemia to a certain extent.
Boneless and meatless: In the case of animal foods, don’t just stare at the meat.
Take pork bone as an example, its protein, calcium, iron and energy are all suitable for pork.
Especially rare is that these nutrients are easily absorbed by the body, which is very suitable for the elderly who have different degrees of appetite and digestive function.
Stew more and fry less: As far as the cooking methods of pork are concerned, among the various methods of steaming, frying, stewing, etc., the best way for middle-aged and elderly people is stew.
First, the stewed meat is tender and soft, while the chewing function of middle-aged and elderly people is mainly reduced, so it is more suitable.
In fact, stew eliminates some of the disadvantages of pork.
Experiments show that continuous stew reduces fat by 30% -50%, increases unsaturated fats, decreases cholesterol content, and tastes good.
Mixing of food ingredients: Mixing animal protein and vegetable protein to enhance each other’s physiological value is called protein complementation.
If pork and poultry are combined, since they are all animal protein, their complementary effects are small and the utilization rate of protein cannot be improved.
The combination of pork and soy products or vegetables can eliminate the lack of methionine in beans and the substitution of lysine, tryptophan, and methionine in vegetables.
Vegetable vitamins and mineral salts. Vitamins can promote protein metabolism, while mineral salts can neutralize the acidic substances produced during meat metabolism to maintain the normal acid-base balance of the human body.
Eat vegetables first, then eat meat: When you eat, restaurants like to put vegetables at the end. In fact, the best order for eating is this: soup → vegetables → rice → meat → fruits (after half an hour).