Experts: Dietary Suggestions About Hypertension
Dietary recommendations for patients with hypertension.
Hypertension patients should plan to eat less frequently, avoiding being full, not obese, and not overeating. Hypertension patients are often obese and must eat low-calorie foods. It should be controlled daily8.
At about 36 MJ, the staple food is 150-250 grams per day, and animal protein and vegetable protein each account for 50%.
Hypertensive patients without kidney disease or gout disease can eat more soybeans, peanuts, black fungus or white fungus and fruits.
In order to keep blood pressure relatively stable, patients with hypertension should try to avoid irritating foods such as spicy condiments.
Black tea contains caffeine toxicity, so it is best for patients with hypertension to avoid drinking black tea water.
Residual acid in tea is easily precipitated by combining with the drug, so avoid swallowing with tea when taking the drug to avoid affecting the hypotensive effect.
The low salt recommended in the diet of hypertension patients should be strictly controlled at 2-5 grams per person per day, that is, about a small spoon.
The amount of salt should also be marinated with sodium in cooking soy sauce, 3 ml of soy sauce is equivalent to 1 g of salt.
Salty (pickled) vegetables, fermented bean curd, bacon (egg), pickled products, clams, shrimps, preserved eggs, as well as vegetables such as artemisia, grass head, water spinach and other vegetables are high in sodium and should be eaten as little as possible.
When edema is obvious in patients with hypertension, salt should be strictly controlled.
However, long-term low or lack of salt can lead to loss of appetite and general weakness, so it cannot be salt-free.
The dietary recommendations for patients with hypertension suggest that potassium-supplemented foods that enter the body can counteract the pressure-boosting and vascular injury effects caused by sodium, and can often “show up” in recipes.
Types of food include beans, winter mushrooms, black dates, almonds, walnuts, peanuts, potatoes, bamboo shoots, lean meat, fish, poultry, root vegetables such as amaranth, rape, shallots, spinach, pakchoi and tomatoes, and fruits such as bananas, Dates, peaches, oranges, etc.
Eating potassium-containing food can even protect myocardial cells, and it can also alleviate the adverse consequences caused by too much sodium.
However, when hypertension is complicated by renal insufficiency, it is not advisable to eat foods containing more potassium, otherwise potassium accumulation in the body will be caused by oliguria, resulting in cardiac rhythm disorders and cardiac arrest.
Dietary recommendations for hypertension patients Fish is indeed the first choice for patients with hypertension, because epidemiological surveys found that eating fish once a week has a significantly lower mortality rate from hypertension than non-eating fish.
Dietary Recommendations for Hypertensive Patients Fruits and Vegetables Every day the human body needs B vitamins and vitamin C, which can be satisfied by eating more fresh vegetables and fruits.
Some people advocate that eating 1-2 apples a day is good for health, and fruits are supplemented with calcium, potassium, iron, magnesium, etc.
Dietary advice for hypertensive patients Calcium supplementation Some people have hypertension patients take 1 gram of calcium a day and found that blood pressure drops after 8 weeks.
Therefore, you should eat more trace calcium foods, such as soybeans, sunflower seeds, walnuts, milk, peanuts, fish and shrimp, red dates, fresh snow hoe, garlic seedlings, seaweed and so on.
Research on iron supplementation for dietary recommendations for hypertensive patients found that plasma iron in elderly patients with hypertension is lower than normal, so eating more peas, fungus and other foods that replace iron can not only lower blood pressure, but also prevent elderly anemia.
Dietary advice for patients with hypertension Drink natural mineral water containing lithium, strontium, zinc, selenium, iodine and other essential trace elements in the human body. The boiled water will precipitate due to the calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, etc. that are beneficial to the human body.Reduced, so for standard absorption should be drunk.
Tea contains tea polyphenols, and the content of green tea is higher than that of black tea. It can prevent the oxidation of vitamin C and help the utilization of vitamin C in the body instead of eliminating harmful chromium ions.
It also contains trace elements such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and fluorine.
Therefore, use 4-6 grams of tea (equivalent to 2-3 cups of teabags) daily for long-term use, which is good for the human body.
Dinners for patients with hypertension should be light and light, and excessive greasy foods can cause strokes.
Edible oil should use vegetable oil containing vitamin E and linoleic acid; do not eat sweets.
Eat more high-fiber foods such as bamboo shoots, greens, Chinese cabbage, winter melon, tomatoes, eggplant, bean sprouts, jellyfish, kelp, onions, etc., and a small amount of fish, shrimp, poultry, skimmed milk powder, egg white, etc.