Beware of common diseases in children 3 to 7 years old
Symptoms of nasal septum deviation: Nasal septum deviation refers to the deviation of the nasal septum from the midline to vertical or two curved or local interactions that cause nasal dysfunction or symptoms.
The main symptoms are: alternating or persistent nasal congestion, headache, nosebleeds, and pus.
Response measures: 1. Those with the above symptoms affecting daily life and found that the deviated nasal septum should consider hospital surgery.
2. Must be distinguished from nasal septal hypertrophy and chronic rhinitis.
3. Surgery includes nasal septum submucosal resection or nasal septum angioplasty.
Cause: Common causes include-trauma, abnormal development, tumor foreign body compression in the nasal cavity, etc.
Prevention: Children should always pay attention to exercise safety to prevent nose damage due to falls, collisions, and fights.
Vulnerable age: after 3 years old.
Nasal bone fracture symptoms: Nasal bone fractures are mostly caused by external nasal trauma.
The most common symptoms are nosebleeds and local pain.
Countermeasures: 1. First, determine if there is a fracture, and you can do X-ray examination.
And eliminate brain surgery, especially cerebrospinal fluid nasal leakage.
2. For those who have no displacement of nasal bone fracture, no other treatment is needed to give hemostasis to the nasal cavity.
3. Nasal deformities should be performed before the swelling occurs or after the swelling has subsided.
(It is performed within one week after the injury. If it is more than two weeks, it is difficult to reset due to epiphyseal formation.
As the residual deformity is not corrected in a timely manner, angioplasty correction is required.
) 4. The replacement of closed nasal bone fractures can be performed in the clinic: open nasal bone fractures usually require hospitalization.
5. Give antibiotics appropriately to prevent infection.
Cause: Mostly caused by external nasal trauma.
Prevention: After the child enters the kindergarten, do not rush and run indoors, and do not fight with other children.
Vulnerable age: after 3 years old.
Symptoms of “Children’s Disease”: Children who ride a baby carriage for a long time will develop abnormally: two stretches and stretches, two lower legs spread out, the two knees cannot move together when they are close together, they look like “X”;When the elbows are bent and the elbows are closed (upright posture), the knee joints cannot be moved together and become an “O” shape, which is also called a “loop leg”.
Response: Parents should often check their children’s legs, and if any abnormalities are found, they should be corrected in time.
For mild “X” shaped legs, children can sit cross-knees, about 20 minutes each time, three times a day. In severe cases, they should go to the hospital to correct.
The design of some strollers is unreasonable, does not meet the children’s physiological characteristics and physiological security requirements, the distance between the two pedals is excessive, and the distance between the saddle and the pedals is too long or too short.
Some children have short young legs and barely reach the pedals, while older children step on their feet again and have to bend their legs while cycling.
Young children’s bones are in the period of growth and development, and their plasticity is very strong. The strength of their muscles is weak. The above two conditions can easily affect the normal development of their lower limb bones, resulting in morphological abnormalities.
In addition, if the stroller seat is high and the center of gravity is unstable, it is not easy for the child to master the balance when riding, and he often falls and is injured when turning or at a high speed.
For those children wearing crotch pants, prolonged exposure can easily cause local skin damage.
Prevention: First, to improve the design of the stroller, the spacing between the pedals and the spacing between the pedals of the seat should conform to the physiological characteristics of the child. The seat should preferably be designed to be adjustable and adjust as needed.
The second is to master the age of children’s cycling, too small or too large should not ride a stroller.
It should not be too long for each ride.
Vulnerable age: 4?