Doctor reminds the elderly to pay attention to the sun

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Doctor reminds the elderly to pay attention to the sun

Studies have shown that the incidence of skin cancer is related to sun exposure, ionizing radiation damage, exposure to chemicals, viruses and burns, among which sun exposure is most closely related to skin cancer.

銆€銆€Skin cancer can be divided into two categories: non-melanoma skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma) and melanin skin cancer (ie, malignant melanoma).

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common, accounting for about 80% of skin cancer.

The result is squamous cell carcinoma, which accounts for about 15%.

Malignant melanoma is the smallest, accounting for about 5%, but the mortality rate is high.

銆€銆€Malignant melanoma rarely occurs in children and occurs in other age groups, but the incidence is highest among people over 75 years old.

Malignant melanoma spreads early and spreads easily. If it can be diagnosed early and treated in time, the prognosis is better.

However, the promising melanoma has a poor prognosis.

銆€銆€Therefore, the physician reminds the elderly to pay attention to the following matters when they are in the sun: 1.

In the summer, you should reduce the outdoor activities time properly, and do not expose to the sun for too long.

銆€銆€2.

Do not sunbathe between 11 am and 3 pm.

銆€銆€3.

When working in the sun, you should wear long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, etc. If you have the conditions, you can use sunscreen properly.

銆€銆€4.

When the skin appears traits, color changes, or the black sputum increases rapidly, ulceration and other phenomena, should go to the hospital for examination and treatment.